Language Resources

Language Courses

Arabic is one of the richest and oldest living languages of the world, spoken by nearly four hundred million people in more than forty countries in Middle East, North and West Africa and other regions as first or second language. Because of its religious and cultural significance, it has been wildly used as common Islamic language in the whole Islamic world during the past fourteen hundred years. The Qur’an, Ahadith (the prophet’s traditions) and a diverse and extremely rich body of religious writing in Arabic make the language particularly attractive to Muslims. On the other hand, the very elegance of Arabic literature that evolved during the long span of nearly fifteen hundred years makes it appealing to all those interested in comparative literature and history. Arabic is not only one of the official languages of OIC, African Union and UNO, it is almost universally offered in most prestigious universities in the West as well as in Universities in other parts of the World.

Because of the historical and cultural connections of Pakistan with the Middle East and its geographical relation with the Arab World, Arabic language and script have a great impact upon Pakistani languages and cultures. It is therefore especially significant for our students.

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Arabic is one of the richest and oldest living languages of the world, spoken by nearly four hundred million people in more than forty countries in Middle East, North and West Africa and other regions as first or second language. Because of its religious and cultural significance, it has been wildly used as common Islamic language in the whole Islamic world during the past fourteen hundred years. The Qur’an, Ahadith (the prophet’s traditions) and a diverse and extremely rich body of religious writing in Arabic make the language particularly attractive to Muslims. On the other hand, the very elegance of Arabic literature that evolved during the long span of nearly fifteen hundred years makes it appealing to all those interested in comparative literature and history. Arabic is not only one of the official languages of OIC, African Union and UNO, it is almost universally offered in most prestigious universities in the West as well as in Universities in other parts of the World.

Because of the historical and cultural connections of Pakistan with the Middle East and its geographical relation with the Arab World, Arabic language and script have a great impact upon Pakistani languages and cultures. It is therefore especially significant for our students.

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Stages of Sindhi Script will be taught in this lecture. Script and distinct Sindhi alphabets will be introduced through typical vocal cards which are only common in Sindhi Language. We will learn to pronounce and write Sindhi Script. (33 common alphabets between Urdu and Sindhi) In this lecture complete contemporary script of Sindhi language will be taught with common alphabets, alphabets which are same in sound but written differently, Pure Sindhi Alphabets and pronunciation through vocal cards. We will learn to pronounce and write Sindhi Script. (Distinct Sindhi alphabets and pronunciation) (That how implosive sounds can be pronounced through the vocal cards of non Sindhi speakers.) Singular and Plurals, Identification of Genders through diacritics Example ٽ بو ٽ بو Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily Parts of Speech (Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjective, Preposition) daily words 30-20 Building Vocabulary ضمير متڪلم، ضمير حاضر، ضمير غائب، فعل امر، مصدر Tenses (Past, Present and future) (Synonyms/Antonyms) Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. Classification of Tenses (Present Continuous, Present Perfect, Past Perfect) Collective Nouns and Practice, diacritics marks, Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. Collective Nouns and Practice, diacritics marks, Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. Suffix Prefix, Reduplication, Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. Daily words 30-20 Building Vocabulary هاڪاري ۽ ناڪاري جمال ڇا، ڪير، ڪيڏانهن، ڇو، ڇا ال ء sentences negative and Affirmative Daily life, Birth, Marriage, (Names of week days, Months, Relations, colors, fruits, vegetables) Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily Dialogue in a Market Place, on Bus stand, in Hospital, in School or University. Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. Sindhi Proverbs: Historical Background of Sindhi Proverbs with their translation (selected), Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily.

We will watch Sindhi Documentaries (Ajrak Making, Moen jo Daro, 20 minutes each, Sindh TV) Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. We will practice writing Sindhi in class with the help of exercises through Asaan Sindhi Kitab series 3 to 8 By Sindh Text Book Board. Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. (خوشی کا گيت Hojamalo) (بچوں کا گيت Raana tillay tho Mor (Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. We will introduce famous Sindhi literary writers in Poetry and Prose (Classical and Modern) (Shah Lateef, Sachal Sarmast, Saami, Mirza Qaleech Lahore University of Management Sciences Baig, Adal Soomro, Shaikh Ayaz, Ayaz Gul, Tanveer Abaasi, Ustaad Bukhari), Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. Umar Marvi, Sorath Rai Diyach (Reading in Sindhi), Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. Morro aien Magarmach, (Reading in Sindhi), Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. We will be selecting a short text from Shah jo Risalo and translate it in the class. This will enhance the students understanding of Sindhi Language. Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. We will be selecting a short text from Saami ja Salok and translate it in the class. This will enhance the students understanding of Sindhi Language. Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. We will be selecting short sayings of watayo faqeer which are very famous in Sindhi Language. Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. Sindhi to Urdu (In this session we will learn more skills of translation and implement more aspects of Sindhi Language with the practice of Sindhi Grammatical forms) Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily. Urdu to Sindhi (In this session we will learn more skills of translation and implement more aspects of Sindhi Language with the practice of Sindhi Grammatical forms) Vocabulary Building 20-30 words daily.

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This course introduces students with reading and writing of Sindhi script. Contents of the course have been designed to ensure that the students may acquire the following fundamental skills;

Reading:

Correct reading for understanding Sindhi text, poetry and idiomatic language;

Writing:

Situational dialogues, application, letter, story, and essay writing.

Introduction to Sindhi Literature and Folklore:

The major objective of this course is to introduce students with Sindhi literature and help them to enhance their reading and writing capacities.

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This course will introduce students to the Pashto language which would enable them to understand the basics of the language. Contents of the course have been designed to ensure that the students may acquire the following fundamental skills with special emphasis on speaking: Simple language interaction with correct pronunciation, intonation and appropriate expression Familiarities with alphabets, articulation of sounds, correct pronunciation, vowel harmony including phrases and expressions. Correct reading for understanding Pashto language script Short paragraphs, situational dialogues and simple compositions. Learning Outcomes would include Interaction with the Pakhtoon community Reading of Pashto literature and Newspapers Writing in Pashto language where horizons of a historically rich language is open for research

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This course has been designed for students who have already studied the basic Pashto course, ‘Pashto for Non-Pashto Speakers’ or those who can speak but cannot read and write Pashto. Contents of the course have been designed to ensure that the students may acquire the following fundamental skills:

  • Reading Correct reading for understanding the Pashto script from the textbooks, newspapers online resources, poetry and idiomatic language.
  • Writing Situational dialogues, applications, letters, stories, and essay writing.
  • Listening Audios and videos would be used to introduce students to the concept of Tapa, Sandare, and Pashto Poetry. Instructions would also be given in Pashto.
  • Speaking In order to advance speaking skills of the students, they would be motivated and encouraged to speak in the Pashto language (with standard dialect) in class. All instructions will also be given in Pashto.
  • Introduction to Pashto Literature and Folklore The ultimate objective of this course is to introduce students to Pashto literature and folklore.
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This course introduces students to the basics of Persian language through text readings, dialogues, exercises and a brief selection of prose and poetry. Adopting Tehrani dialect as the standard, it also gives a brief comparative over view of different regional dialects of Persian language in the beginning. Starting from pronunciation & simple sentence structure, it gradually moves to basic tenses and allows the students to learn the language through written and conversational exercises. Some audio-visual material, mostly produced by Iranian linguistics, will also be used to improve the pronunciation and hearing skills of the students. After the students have acquired some basic grammatical skills, they will also be made to read some brief and simple selections of literature – both prose and poetry - along with grammar lessons.

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Persian II course is designed for the students who have successfully completed Persian I course or have a basic understanding of the Persian Language. The course emphasizes on reading, listening, speaking & writing to enhance the understanding of the Persian language. Communication skills will be developed and practiced using different sources like passages & short stories, movies, music and through class activities. Also the course will include a brief selection of classical and modern Persian literature, both prose & poetry, to familiarize the students with the literary tradition of Persian Language.

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Language Faculty

Dr. Ghulam Moeenuddin

Persian I and II

Dr. Zahid Hussain

Pashto I and II

Mr. Zeeshan Danish Khan

Sindhi I and II

Mr. Bilal Tanweer

Punjabi I and II

Dr. Fatima Fayyaz

Persian I and II